What on earth is an Array Formula?

This has nothing to do with SQL Server, save a teeny weeny part. Me gets this requirement from above: Do this report thingy with Excel using macros. It shall be a temporary solution. And it shall be parallel to the permanent reporting solution that you are already developing, but with a higher priority (That’s like building a super saloon car while also building a rickety lorry with a high priority to do somewhat the same thing as the car, ‘cept that the rickety lorry should be shipped first. – That’s how one colleague put it). Ye shall extract the data from Good ole SQL Server to the Excel workbook, and Mr. Senior Whiner shall do the macros in such a way that it’ll create some nice looking reports on more Excel sheets. Anyways, with a lot of whining and I-dunnos and I-cannots the macro ball was passed by Mr. Senior Whiner to scape-goat builder. R n’ Ds by meself and scape-goat builder led to the discovery of array formulae.

I have been working with Excel for a long time, not on an extensive scale though, but quite a power user. Therefore, array formulae just came out as a big surprise. I never knew something like that ever existed.

So what’s an Array Formula, you ask?

It’s a formula which can be used in place multiple ‘normal’ formulae. And it works on arrays of values. And in order to enter the formula, you need to first type it in and then press Ctrl + Shift + Enter on the keyboard. Otherwise you’ll end up with the #VALUE! error. Once you enter the formula successfully, you will notice that the whole formula is contained within a pair of curly braces which disappear when you click on the formula bar.


In the screenshot you could see that in order to get the total value for each region I use an array formula as follows:


This is just a simple example. There’s a whole dimension of complex formulae that can be written in a simpler and powerful form using array formulae. Just google ‘Excel Array Formula’, or perhaps you could even bing it (if you dare)



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